MDI Compressed Air Engine
by Motor Development International, Luxembourg (MDI)
ADVANCED NEW DESIGN – AFFORDABLE – SCALABLE
– EFFICIENT – ECOLOGICALLY SOUND
COMPRESSED AIR ENGINE
Mono Energy – Mode 1 (available on all MDI vehicles)The pre-compressed air in the tanks is transferred to a chamber (called “active”) which provi
des “work” before being expanded in the cylinders to perform the stroke phase. There are no polluting emissions generated and the use of renewable energy in the air filling stations allows the production of a completely clean energy loop (compression – expansion).
Dual Energy Engine – Mode 2
The engine is the same as the Mode 1 engine, however a burner is added between the compressed air storage tank and the engine. The burner provides a continuous low temperature combustion increasing the volume of the intake air and therefore increases the freedom and independence of the system. The performance of the engine in terms of torque and power remain identical to Mode 1.
This external continuous combustion at a controlled temperature at around 600°C does not produce nitrogen oxides or sulphur dioxides and eliminates any discharge of unburnt hydrocarbons. Although using a fossil fuel, it is never the less a clean engine. Unlike the internal combustion engine, it is totally insensitive to the load (throttle position) and provides unparalleled consumption efficiency.
For example, on an AirPod, only 0.3l/100km (or 6.8g of CO2 per km) are needed to heat up the air coming from the tanks and double the range of the vehicle, and 0.5 l/100 km (or 11.4g of CO2 per km) are used to triple the range, up to nearly 450kms.
The operation in Mode 1 is always possible on the products equipped with dual energy Mode 2 engines. Mode 2 is used on all MDI vehicles.
The MDI engineers and technicians have created an efficient an efficient thermodynamic cycle. They are constantly working to improve the performance of their engines by working on cycles which are as close as possible to the isothermal expansion ideal. This is done at a constant temperature. It’s also the one that produces the most work for a given quantity of air and therefore corresponds to the best expansion performance.
In the active chamber engines developed by MDI, the filling of a volume with air to expand already creates work potential. This is one of the ways to move closer to the isothermal expansion and therefore to increase the yield. The lack of expansion valve and multi staged expansions (allowing a recovery of thermal ambient energy), are other elements which, associated with the active chamber, allow MDI to obtain exceptional yields.
Dual energy mode efficiency when using the dual energy mode, one must not only consider the phases of compression and expansion of the compressed air, but also the efficiency of the combustion (being continuous and external to the engine). The increase in the temperature difference between the cold source (air tank at ambient temperature) and the hot source of the system (combustion) leads to an increase in the overall efficiency for a combustion not exceeding 600°C.
MDI has two production engines that cover its multiple applications:
Bigger engine 72 kW @ 3,000 rpm, 230 Nm, 1,000 c.c.
Small Engine – 7 kW @ 1,500 rpm, 45 Nm, 430 c.c.
Small Engine 7 kW
The engines can be grouped together (‘banked’) so, by way of example for electricity production, if 8 engines were banked with each engine providing 7 kW of electricity the total electricity provided would be 56 kW. Similarly 8 of the larger engines banked together would provide over 500 kW of electricity.